Happy International Women's Day, followers! We came across this super awesome infographic from WineBags.com that takes you on a little journey through the historical relationship between women and craft beer. We're dropping it here for your viewing pleasure, but we encourage you to hop over to the creator's site to download your very own copy. Cheers to bad ass brewsters everywhere!
Filtering by Category: Brewed Beginnings
Happy Lager Day, beer geeks and gals!
Today we join together to celebrate Lager Day, the annual holiday honoring the bottom fermented brew enjoyed for generations upon generations. As soon as the Germans brought lager bier to the US in the mid-19th century (lager means "storage" in German), Americans fully embraced the beverage, cranking out barrels upon barrels of the stuff. Lighter, more refreshing and lower in alcohol than ale, its British predecessor, lager cooled the mouths and warmed the hearts of entire families, leading to a boom in beer consumption and production throughout the country. In New York, breweries popped up by the dozen, dotting the avenues of Brooklyn from Bushwick to Flatbush. The brewing industry was pulling in upwards of $8 million in revenue per year by the 1870's, all thanks to crisp, bubbly lager.
Bavarian beer gardens attracted tourists and local families alike, providing relief from cramped tenements and helping recent immigrants to adjust to their new home while still preserving the cultures they left behind. German-style saloons quickly became the standard drinking venue, continuing the tradition of "free lunches" -- salty sausages, pretzels, mustards and pickled vegetables that no doubt encouraged a thirsty palate. These saloons, like the Colonial-era taverns before them, also served as a meeting place for Eastern European immigrants, many of whom were intellectuals escaping political repression. As the 1800's gave way to the 1900's, there were countless pamphlets written, protests organized and ideas debated over steins brimming with golden lager.
But that was the past. Today, most of the lager (Hell, most of the beer, period) we consume is of the watered down, corn and rice fueled, "American Light" variety, enjoyed not over a heated political discussion but alone, in front of the blaring television. Blech. To celebrate this venerable drink and right the wrongs of lager's 20th century turn for the gross, we're listing a few of our favorite craft lagers (in no ranking order). Follow the links to view their Beer Advocate ratings, then track them down, crack one open and, in the spirit of our rabble-rousing foredrinkers, step on that soapbox add your own two cents to the forum. Cheers!
- Prima Pils by Victory Brewing Company (PA)
A lesson in German simplicity with an American hop twist. A thing of pure beauty.
- El Steinber by Anderson Valley Brewing Company
Roasty, chocolately and toasty. A well-crafted winter lager.
- Pandamonium India Pale Lager by Speakeasy Ales & Lagers
A real win for the Speakeasy crew, as well as for the lager's bat-wielding Giants namesake. Big, bold and crisply drinkable.
- Shift Pale Lager by New Belgium Brewing
Bisquity malt and subtle hop aroma make this canned lager a perfect outdoor adventure companion.
- Session Lager by Full Sail Brewing
Clean, smooth, refreshing and comes in adorable stubby bottles from a 100% worker-owned Oregon brewery.
- Krampus Imperial Helles Lager by Southern Tier Brewing
Warn your taste buds... the Krampus is coming! Juicy, hoppy and boozy, this imperial pilsner packs quite the punch. Great for snowy nights by the fire.
- Baba Black Lager by Uinta Brewing Company
Smoky, with a hoppy bite and clean finish. A nice, sessionable choice for a chilly Autumn evening.
- Jan Olympic White Lagrrr by SingleCut Beersmiths
This American pale is rich with peppery spice and sweet orange blossom. A choice brew for Belgian, Hefe and Saison lovers looking for something lighter.
- Narragansett Lager by Narragansett Brewing Co.
Come on, who doesn't love a tallboy of 'Gansett?? My favorite of the American light lagers, this good ol' boy is best enjoyed ice cold on a hot day.
Today, December 5, marks the 80th anniversary of Prohibition's repeal. Initiated at the federal level by Representative Andrew Volstead (R, MN), Prohibition lasted for an excruciating 13 years, 10 months, 19 days, 17 hours and 32.5 minutes, from 1919-1933. The repeal of the Volstead Act was marked by raucous parties throughout the country, brewers tapping barrels in the street and more champagne toasts than my slightly hung over brain can compute.
Many historians consider Prohibition to be one of the defining factors of the development of the 20th century in the US. The ban deeply effected all areas of American society, from immigration, politics and religion to culture, women's rights and common cuisine.
In honor of this joyous holiday, I traveled back to the source of the 19th Amendment and put together a list of famous teetotalers so we can all point at them, raise a drunken fist in the air and say IN YOUR FACE , LOSERS! (or in the case of Susan B. Anthony, "I respectfully see why you made those choices and thanks for the rights and all but ease up on the beer hating, ok? Thanks")
Prohibition grew out of the Temperance Movement, an organized political and religious ethos that preached total abstinence from alcohol as way to improve your social standing, health and family. While there were many leaders amongst the Temperance advocates, I find these to be the most interesting of the bunch.
Susan B. Anthony
Some Temperance advocates saw Prohibition as a women's cause. While women had very little power (they couldn't vote and faced serious barriers to owning property, seeking higher education and economic independence), they're primary responsibility was to maintain their families -- not an easy feat when your husband is drinking away the weekly paycheck only to come home drunk and aggressive. Banning alcohol was seen as a means to end rampant domestic and sexual violence against women, and thus Suffragette Susan B. Anthony joined in on the cause. I can't really blame her on that one.
Connecticut Minister Sylvester Graham was a strict observer of Temperance... and he also invented the Graham cracker, every toddler's favorite snack! This total freaking weirdo was so observant that he followed Temperance's most rigid interpretation, including no meat, no coffee, no alcohol of any kind, no spices, no warm showers or hot food, no masturbation and no more than once-a-month reproductive sex. Sounds like a total blast.
This insane individual from a small Kansas town claimed that God Himself instructed her to attack bars and liquor stores with a hatchet. A HATCHET. Also, she called these divine instructions "Hatchetations," which, I have to say, is pretty clever. To show their disdain, bemused saloon owners and patrons alike began to hang banners stating "All Nations Welcome, Except for Carrie." Watch this video for more on this crazy -- you gotta see it to believe it.
Mabel Walker Willebrandt
President Harding named Mabel Walker Willebrandt Assistant Attorney General of the United States in 1921, putting her at the head of Prohibition enforcement. He thought the sallow faced, visibly serious woman would garner the brand new women's vote while also applying her shrewd brain and ironclad will to curtailing illicit alcohol production throughout the land. According to some sources, this tough broad was the most famous American women aside from movie stars. The real kicker? Willebrandt wasn't even a Temperance supporter before her political appointment -- she enjoyed a drank on occasion -- but as soon as she was tapped by the big boys, she gave up drinking and fought to make everyone else give it up, too.
Today, Maine produces some of the country's best craft beer. From Allagash to Maine Beer Co. to Atlantic to tiny Rising Tide, our northern neighbor has long been at the forefront of the beer boom. Bud did you know Maine was actually the first state to ban alcohol on a state level, some 70 years before the Volstead? Yep -- all thanks to this dude, Mr. Neil Dow, nicknamed the "Napoleon of Temperance." As the mayor of Maine's largest city, Portland, he gathered thousands of signatures on a petition to ban the good drink. He also lead raids on bars, liquor stores and breweries. Keep on rolling in that grave, sir.
Yes, the circus man himself was once a prominent leader in the Temperance movement. Ringling Brothers founder P.T. Barnum signed a the "teetotal pledge" after being so moved at a popular anti-alcohol lecture. In his autobiography, he details his indoctrination:
I arose from my bed, and feeling that as a man I could not persist in a practice which I could not conscientiously and logically defend, I took my champagne bottles, knocked off their heads, and poured their contents upon the ground.
Barnum went on to deliver anti-alcohol lectures himself (though some say it was just to get out of debt), put on Temperance plays and even owned a museum where the sole beverage option was ice water. Laaaame.
As an extra treat, check out this podcast from the Leonard Lopate Show. The venerable Dan Okrent is the guest, talking about his incredibly comprehensive book, The Last Call. It's a great read and heartily recommended. (P.S. Dan Okrent is also a baseball expert and one of the founding members of Fantasy Baseball... The guy rules.)